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Gender Equality - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5

The UN explains: "Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.

Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large."


The UN has defined 9 Targets and 14 Indicators for SDG 5. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 2 years ago

Target 5.1: End discrimination against women and girls

UN definition: "End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere."

Legal frameworks for gender equality and non-discrimination - SDG Indicator 5.1.1

Definition: Indicator 5.1.1 is "whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex."







There are various legal frameworks that can be applied to promote and enforce non-discrimination on the basis of sex. This is assessed here in the SDG Tracker - see also the 'additional charts' - across various measures, including hiring, equal pay, marital rape, and property rights, among others.

Goal: By 2030 "end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere".

This requires legal frameworks in place to enforce gender equality for all countries

Target 5.2: End all violence against and exploitation of women and girls

UN definition: "Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation."

Violence against women from an intimate partner - SDG Indicator 5.2.1

Definition: Indicator 5.2.1 is the "proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by the form of violence and by age".



This is measured here as the share of women aged 15 years or older who experienced physical or sexual violence from an intimate partner in the last year.

Goal: By 2030 "eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls."

Violence against women from persons other than an intimate partner - SDG Indicator 5.2.2

Definition: Indicator 5.2.2 is the "proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrence".

Goal: By 2030 "eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls".

Target 5.3: Eliminate forced marriages and genital mutilation

UN definition: "Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation."


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