Good Health and Well-Being - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3

The UN explains: "Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers responsible for the child and maternal mortality.

Major progress has also been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio, and the spread of HIV/AIDS.

However, many more efforts are needed to control a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues."


The UN has defined 13 Targets and 28 Indicators for SDG 3. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 3.1: Reduce maternal mortality

UN definition: "By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births. In addition, all countries should reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 140 per 100,000 live births".

Maternal mortality ratio - SDG Indicator 3.1.1

Definition: Indicator 3.1.1 is the "maternal mortality ratio".



The maternal mortality ratio refers to the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.

Goal: By 2030 "Reduce global maternal mortality to less than 70 per 100,000 live births" per year. In addition, all countries should reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 140 per 100,000 live births.

Skilled birth attendance - SDG Indicator 3.1.2

Definition: Indicator 3.1.2 is the "percentage of births attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own, and to care for newborns".



Goal: The UN Target 3.1 is to "Reduce global maternal mortality to less than 70 per 100,000 live births. In addition, all countries should reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 140 per 100,000 live births."

However, there is no goal specified by the UN for the share of births attended by skilled staff.

Target 3.2: End all preventable deaths under 5 years of age

UN definition: "By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under‑5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births"

Under-5 mortality rate - SDG Indicator 3.2.1

Definition: Indicator 3.2.1 is the "under-5 mortality rate".



The under-5 mortality rate measures the number of children per 1,000 live births who die before their 5th birthday.

Goal: By 2030 "Reduce child mortality to less than 25 deaths per 1,000 live births" per year across all countries.

Neonatal mortality rate - SDG Indicator 3.2.2

Definition: Indicator 3.2.2 is the "neonatal mortality rate".



The neonatal mortality rate is defined as the share of newborns per 1,000 live births in a given year who die before reaching 28 days of age.

Goal: By 2030 "Reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births" per year across all countries.


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