Decent Work And Economic Growth - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 8

The UN explains: "Roughly half the world’s population still lives on the equivalent of about US$2 a day. And in too many places, having a job doesn’t guarantee the ability to escape from poverty. This slow and uneven progress requires us to rethink and retool our economic and social policies aimed at eradicating poverty."

The UN has defined 12 Targets and 17 Indicators for SDG 8. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 8.1: Sustainable Economic Growth

UN definition: "Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 percent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries."

GDP per capita growth rate - SDG Indicator 8.1.1

Definition: Indicator 8.1.1 is the "annual growth rate of real GDP per capita".



This is measured as the annual percentage growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita based on constant local currency.

Goal: "Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 percent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries" through 2030.

Target 8.2: Diversify, innovate and upgrade for economic productivity

UN definition: "Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading, and innovation, including through a focus on high-value-added and labor-intensive sectors."

GDP per capita growth rate per employed person - SDG Indicator 8.2.1

Definition: Indicator 8.2.1 is the "annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person".



This is measured as the annual change in the real gross domestic product (GDP) per employed person. It provides an overall measure of the change in the productivity of a country's labor force and use of resources.

Goal: "Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading, and innovation, including through a focus on high-value-added and labor-intensive sectors" by 2030.

Target 8.3: Promote policies to support job creation and growing enterprises

UN definition: "Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services."

Informal employment - SDG Indicator 8.3.1

Definition: Indicator 8.3.1 is the "proportion of informal employment in non-agriculture employment, by sex".





This is measured as employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. This includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter.

Goal: "Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation" by 2030.


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