Industry, Innovation And Infrastructure - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 9

The UN explains: "Investments in infrastructure – transport, irrigation, energy, and information and communication technology – are crucial to achieving sustainable development and empowering communities in many countries. It has long been recognized that growth in productivity and incomes, and improvements in health and education outcomes require investment in infrastructure."

The UN has defined 8 Targets and 12 Indicators for SDG 9. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 9.1: Develop sustainable, resilient and inclusive infrastructures

UN definition: "Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all."

Road access for rural populations - SDG Indicator 9.1.1

Definition: Indicator 9.1.1 is the "proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road".

Goal: "Develop quality, reliable, sustainable, and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all" by 2030.

Passenger and freight volumes - SDG Indicator 9.1.2

Definition: Indicator 9.1.2 is "Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport".







International air passenger numbers, railway passenger kilometers, and air freight ton-kilometers indicators by country are available.

Goal: "Develop quality, reliable, sustainable, and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure" by 2030.

Target 9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization

UN definition: "Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in the least developed countries."

Manufacturing value - SDG Indicator 9.2.1

Definition: Indicator 9.2.1 is "manufacturing value-added as a proportion of GDP and per capita".



This indicator measures the manufacturing sector's contribution to a country's total gross domestic product (GDP). Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs in manufacturing production.

Goal: "By 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in the least developed countries".

Manufacturing employment - SDG Indicator 9.2.2

Definition: Indicator 9.2.2 is "manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment".



This indicator measures the manufacturing sector's employment as a share of the country's total employment. Employment refers to all persons of working age who, during a specified brief period, were in paid employment (whether at work or with a job but not at work) or in self-employment (whether at work or with an enterprise but not at work).

Goal: "By 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in the least developed countries".


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