Clean Water And Sanitation - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6

The UN explains: "Clean water is a basic human need and one that should be easily accessible to all. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to poor infrastructure, investment, and planning, every year millions of people — most of them children — die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene."

The UN has defined 8 Targets and 11 Indicators for SDG 6. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 6.1: Safe and affordable drinking water

UN definition: "By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all."

Safe drinking water - SDG Indicator 6.1.1

Definition: Indicator 6.1.1 is the "Proportion of the population using safely managed to drink water services".





A safely managed drinking water service is defined as one located on-premises, available when needed and free from contamination.

Goal: By 2030 achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.

Target 6.2: End open defecation and provide access to sanitation and hygiene

UN definition: "By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations."

Safe sanitation and hygiene - SDG Indicator 6.2.1

Definition: Indicator 6.2.1 is the "Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water".







This is measured as the share of the population using safely managed sanitation facilities and at least basic handwashing facilities.

A safely managed sanitation facility is one where excreta is safely disposed of in situ or treated off-site. A basic handwashing facility is defined by a device to contain, transport, or regulate the flow of water to facilitate handwashing with soap and water in the household.

Goal: By 2030 achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation.

Target 6.3: Improve water quality, wastewater treatment and safe reuse

UN definition: "By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally."

Safe sanitation and hygiene - SDG Indicator 6.3.1

Definition: Indicator 6.3.1 is the "proportion of wastewater safely treated".



Goal: "Halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally" by 2030.


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