No Poverty - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 1

The UN explains: Extreme poverty rates have fallen by more than half since 1990. While this is a remarkable achievement, one-in-five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.90 a day. Millions more make little more than this daily amount and are at risk of slipping back into extreme poverty.

Sustainable Development Goal 1 (SDG1) aims to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. The visualizations and data below present the latest data on our progress there.

The UN has defined 7 Targets and 14 Indicators for SDG 1. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 1.1: Eradicate extreme poverty

UN definition: "By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.90 a day".

Eradicate extreme poverty - SDG Indicator 1.1.1

Definition: Indicator 1.1.1 is "the proportion of the population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status, and geographical location (urban/rural)".



The "international poverty line" is defined as $1.90 per day (updated from the previous poverty line of $1.25 to $1.90 in 2015).

This the poverty line is measured in "international dollars" which are a the hypothetical currency that adjusts for price differences between countries (purchasing power parity) and it is measured in prices of 2011 to adjust for price changes over time (inflation).

Goal: By 2030 "eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.90 a day".

Target 1.2: Reduce poverty by at least 50%

UN definition: "By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions".

Halve population below national poverty line - SDG Indicator 1.2.1

Definition: Indicator 1.2.1 is "the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line".



National poverty lines differ by country depending on country circumstances, living standards, and cost of living. Shown here is the share of a country's population which lives below each country's specific national poverty line.

Goal: By 2030 "reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions".

Population in poverty according to national definitions - SDG Indicator 1.2.2

Definition: Indicator 1.2.2 is the "proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions".



Here it is not clear what is meant by all its dimensions according to national definitions. One interpretation (shown here) may be the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) which is an aggregate measure of deprivation taking into account poor health, lack of education, inadequate living standard, lack of income, disempowerment, poor quality of work, and the threat from violence.

Goal: By 2030 "reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions".

Target 1.3: Implement social protection systems

UN definition: "Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable".


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