Reduce Inequality Within And Among Countries - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 10

The UN explains: "The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries, and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets."

The UN has defined 10 Targets and 11 Indicators for SDG 10. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators.

How is the world doing on this goal?

Posted  updated 1 year ago

Target 10.1: Reduce income inequalities

UN definition: "By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a rate higher than the national average."

Income growth inequalities - SDG Indicator 10.1.1

Definition: Indicator 10.1.1 is "growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 percent of the population and the total population".



This indicator measures the average annual growth rate of incomes or consumption of those in the bottom 40% of incomes of a given country.

Goal: "Progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a rate higher than the national average" through to 2030.

Target 10.2: Promote universal social, economic and political inclusion

UN definition: "By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or economic or another status."

People living below 50 per cent of median income - SDG Indicator 10.2.1

Definition: Indicator 10.2.1 is the "proportion of people living below 50 percent of median income, by sex, age, and persons with disabilities".

Goal: "By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or economic or another status".

Target 10.3: Ensure equal opportunities and end discrimination

UN definition: "Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies, and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard."

Eliminating discriminatory practices - SDG Indicator 10.3.1

Definition: Indicator 10.3.1 is the "proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law".

Goal: "Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies, and practices" by 2030.


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